u.s. manufacturing sees shortage of skilled factory workers
by：QY Precision 2019-09-18
HOLLAND, Mich. — This Rust Belt seems to be a place where it\'s easy to find factory workers. The unemployment rate hovered above nine percentage points. Competition abroad has left many people unemployed. Like this country, more manufacturing jobs are needed in this industrial center. But with 2012 presidential candidates wandering around the state, offering a way to \"restore jobs,\" many manufacturers say, in fact, jobs are already here. What is missing is the skilled workers needed to fill the vacancy. A metal- The parts factory here has been looking for mechanics, Assembly team leaders and molds since the fallsetter. Another factory offers recommended bonuses for welders. A company that makes molds for automakers has tried seven months to fill four vacancies in Class 2. \"Our people work 60 to 70 hours a week and they are dead. They\'re gone, \"says Corey Karola, 40-year-old vice president of operations at Mach mould. Man shop in Port Benton, Mich. \"We need more people. The trouble is finding them. \"Through the combination of overseas competition and productivity gains, the United States has lost nearly 4 million manufacturing jobs in the past 10 years. But many manufacturers say the loss does not create a surplus of skilled workers. Instead, with automation changing the factory, changing the skills needed to operate and maintain the plant equipment, Workers who get off work, they may be familiar with the old- Old-fashioned presses and lathes are usually new to unqualified operation. This problem is exacerbated by the wave of population. In some factories, most of the labor force is the baby boomers who are about to retire. Many young workers who may have replaced their positions have avoided manufacturing because of the volatility and stigma of factory work and the perception that the United StatesS. Manufacturing is a \"dying industry \". \"Politicians sound like they have a line in front of workers that says\" no more jobs, \"says Matt Taylor, CEO of mich\'s New Troy precision metals company. \"There is nothing further than the truth. \"The shortage of skilled workers has been noted before the recession, but with the recent recovery, this phenomenon has become even more serious. Just this week, when a fracking company asked him to make parts for the pipeline, Taylor said, his biggest concern was whether he could find six new operators to do the job. \"It\'s never a problem that I think we\'re going to have,\" he said . \". There are the same setbacks across the country. According to a recent report by Deloitte on the Manufacturing Association, as many as 600,000 jobs are vacant. By contrast, there are 12 unemployed people in the United States. 8 million, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. \"High unemployment has not made it easier to fill positions, especially in skilled production and production support,\" the Deloitte report found . \". Similarly, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that, although there will be fewer mechanics to be employed in the future, \"Good job opportunities should continue to be maintained\", as many young people with appropriate abilities prefer other areas. P. said: \"In the past, the factory owner would say, \'I need 20 people,\' and then pull them down the street . \"J. Thompson, president of genderMatic, a metal- Part manufacturer. \"Now is: \'I need 20 people who are very professional in technology. There is a mismatch. What drives this shortfall is that automation is changing the way the US economy is doing. S. manufacturing. The demand for skilled workers is largely due to the need for automation factories to be able to operate, program and maintain new computerized equipment. Many people who are fired can only operate the old- Old-fashioned manual machine. The old lathe and mill are manually operated and processed one by one. The new one is as big as a minivan, with screens and buttons lined up and must be programmed with code that sometimes looks mysterious. Computer digital control, or CNC, machines can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. Once they are programmed, they will produce one piece after another in an unattended situation. For example, one day last week, Greg Rowles, 27, a former trailer driver, is now a CNC programmer working on metal parts on a machine at the VEX engineering plant in New Troy. He took some classes at the local community college. The code he entered looks like this: g54g90. 0b0m7; G4X3. ; G81Z-. 829R. 1F28. ; He said the last line told the machine to pick up the tool and drill 0. 829 inch deep at a certain speed. \"It will take a while to learn,\" he said . \". The leap in technology means that many workers who have worked hard on old machines and are proficient in them can no longer find jobs. \"You can\'t see anyone advertising tools and mold manufacturers anymore,\" said Tom Whitmore, 59 . \", A tool and mold maker, who worked in a nearby auto parts manufacturer for 33 years, was fired in 2009. \"They want CNC skills. I can\'t apply for most of them. Whitmore and two of his colleagues Workers are taking classes at Lake Michigan College to get a degree as an assistant in machine tool technology. Mark Miller, 36, said: \"I am a statistic . \" His home was foreclosed after being fired as a production technician. \"I found a job just after I graduated from high school. But now you have to have some technical skills. When I left here, my idea was to be able not only to run the machine, but also to program it. \"However, another key factor in the shortage is the loss of baby boomers. With the shrinking size of the industry and years of growth, the labor force of many manufacturers is aging. A union official said 28% of Boeing\'s 31,000 mechanics are over 55 years old and eligible to retire. \"The company has to be prepared for attrition,\" said Connie kellihe, a spokesman for the Seattle International machinist Association District. But it is difficult to attract younger workers into the factory. Machine- Some high schools have cut store classes. In addition, many high schools are more willing to help their children enter four It\'s more important than getting them ready for their career. \"It\'s a charm issue,\" said Dave Van Damm, 37 . \". \"The children came here and saw a dirty, loud place. We cheer ourselves up. Then they went upstairs and saw the designers in their cubicle with two screens and headphones listening to music. \"Also, there is the uniform we wear on the floor,\" said Van Damm, wearing work pants and a shirt embroidered with his name on his chest. \"You go to the restaurant in such clothes and you will get a different treatment than you do in a suit. Interestingly, Van Damm says, skilled machine operators make more money than designers. Pay for skilled operators Programmers range from $18 to $28 per hour; Designers upstairs make $14 to $24. A bucket of Matt Becker. When asked about the cause of the shortage of factory workers, chest welders wearing Indianapolis pony jerseys, safety glasses, boots and colored jeans responded to other workers on the factory floor here. \"A group of lazy Americans don\'t want to get their hands dirty anymore,\" he said . \". \"They want an office job. The shortage has forced businesses to adopt new strategies. In order to fill the vacancy, some manufacturers have turned to recruiting candidates who have not been trained but tend to work by hand. Some recruiters say they like to find people who like to fix dirty bikes and snowmobiles. Then they train candidates. Many companies have apprenticeship programs. At Charlotte\'s new Siemens plant, officials tested 2,000 of those applicants for every 50 positions. About 10% people passed and then won the land through interviews. Hundreds of people are working. Specific training. The company even worked with the central Piemont community college to develop a \"mechatronics\" course with a associate\'s degree. \"We know that we won\'t find someone on the street right away with the right skills,\" said Mark plinger, director of operations at the plant. \"So we try to find someone with the right abilities. \"The shortage of skilled workers has also pushed up wages, although executives say that raising wages too far could push more work overseas to factories. A Michigan company that makes cams for cars and farm and mining equipment has been advertising CNC machine operators and programmers for at least six months. Wages rose from $15 an hour to $21, a relatively good salary in this part of the country. \"The problem is that once we have someone coming in, one of our other people will change jobs,\" said Tyson de Jones, engine powertrain engineering manager . \". \"They get a better offer.