This is the economics of Adam David sonov. Earlier this month, 2012, to learn about the future of the dying manufacturing job market, I visited the engineering technology program at the Queensborough Community College in New York City. I know that the advanced manufacturing industry has begun to rely on computers, but there is nothing but computers in the classroom I visited. As coach Joseph Goldenberg explained, today\'s skilled factory worker is actually an old- School mechanics and computer programmers. Goldenberg\'s introductory lesson begins with the basics of how to use cutting tools to shape the original metal. Then the real work begins: Students learn to write computer code that tells the machine how to complete the task faster. Nearly 6 million factory jobs have disappeared since 2000, almost the third in the entire manufacturing industry. Although many of these jobs are low Wage countries, even more because computers are gone Driving machinery capable of completing the work of 10 or in some cases 100 workers. But many people believe that the future of this industry ( To some extent, the future of the US economy It is to train new generation talents for high-skill manufacturing jobs Those who need to know how to run the machine. This is partly due to the complexity of advanced manufacturing. Running these machines requires a basic understanding of metallurgy, physics, chemistry, pneumatic, electrical wiring, and computer code. This also requires a worker who has the ability to figure out what happens when the machine is not working properly. Aspiring workers usually need to spend a lot of time and money going to classes like Goldenberg and even think about it. Every student at Goldenberg, he says, may have a job as long as he or she wants a job. However, even classes like Goldenberg have capacity all over the United States, thousands of AmericansS. The factory lacks skilled workers. Throughout the campaign, President Obama Nearly 80% of manufacturers have jobs they can\'t fill, according to a study. Mitt Romney has a similar claim. The National Association of Manufacturers estimates that there are about 600,000 jobs who have the right advanced skills. AdvertisementEric esbister, C. E. O. A kind of metal -- A manufacturing plant outside Milwaukee told me that he would hire as many skilled workers as possible. He received 1,051 applications last year and only found 25 qualified people. He hired them all but soon had to fire them. Part of the reason Isbister is picky, he said, is to avoid workers with \"union\" experience --type job. \"After all, Isbister does not follow strict rules of work, $30an-hour salaries. At GenMet, the starting salary is $10 per hour. Those with a associate\'s degree can earn $15, up to $18 an hour after years of good performance. As far as I know, the new duty manager at a nearby McDonald\'s earns about $14 an hour. The secret behind this skill gap in advertising is that it is not a skill gap at all. I spoke to a couple of other factory managers and they also admitted that it was hard for them- $10 worker demandan-hour jobs. Mark Price, a labor economist at the Keystone Research Center, said: \"It\'s hard not to laugh . \" He refers to manufacturers who complain about a shortage of skilled workers. \"If there is a shortage of skills, wages must rise,\" he said . \". \"This is the basis of economics. \"After all, a shortage of skilled workers, based on supply and demand, should push higher wages. However, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of skilled jobs has declined and wages have declined. Please click on the box to verify that you are not a robot. The email address is invalid. Please re-enter. You must select the newsletter you want to subscribe. View all New York Times newsletters. In a recent study, Boston Consulting noted that, in addition to several small cities that rely on the oil industry, there are not many places where manufacturing wages have risen, and employers still cannot find enough workers. \"Trying to hire high Skilled workers in the rock area According to the Boston group study, \"the minimum interest rate is not a skill gap. However, the conclusion of this study is even more frightening. Many skilled workers simply choose to apply their skills elsewhere rather than spend less money to work, and few young people choose to invest in job training that pays wages quicklyfood wages. Therefore, the United States may soon encounter difficulties in the global economic competition. Average age of workers in highly skilled factories in the United StatesS. is now 56. \"This is the average,\" said Hal thurkin, the lead author of the study . \". \"It means there are a lot of people in their 60 s. They\'re retiring soon. He said, \"there are not enough trainees to replace them at the moment. One result, thurkin argues, is that the false skill gap has the potential to create a real skill gap. Goldenberg, who has been teaching for more than 20 years, has seen this up close. Few of his top students want to work in the factory at their current salary. Isbister sees the other side of this decision. He was very upset when his company attended a recent high-level meeting School Career Expo Whenever a student expressed interest in manufacturing, he said, \"parents come over and ask, \'Do you want to outsource? \' Transfer work to China? While Isbister says he believes there is a reputation problem in his industry, he also admits that his answer to the tense parent question is not reassuring. The industry will inevitably shift some of these jobs to China or replace them with machines. Without doing so, it would not be able to compete globally. It is easy to understand every point of view in this drama. Manufacturers are facing increasingly fierce competition from low-end markets. The wage country feels that it cannot afford to pay a higher salary. Potential employees choose a more promising career path. Howard Wial, economist at the Brookings Institution who specializes in manufacturing employment, said: \"This is personal reason . \". \"But this is not the best choice in society. Wial says manufacturing workers can expect decent in the past few decades Pay for work, which will last for a long time and will easily match the supply and demand of workers. Since then, with the increase of computers, trade and the weakening of trade unions, the social contract has collapsed. The matching of employers is becoming more and more difficult. Now, workers and manufacturers \"need to recreate a system \"-- New Social Contract Their motives are consistent. In retrospect, after The industrial model of World War II is supporting an 18-year- Old can go on-the- Work training that will almost certainly pay off in a long career. This system has its flaws. In particular, the shared complacency of manufacturers and workers who are unprepared for global trade and technological change. Of course, the manufacturer has responded by dismantling it in the last 20 years. However, Isbister\'s complaints indicate some hope -- Lack of skilled workers; Factory layoffs have failed and need to be reversed now. As we said, it is clear that the problem with Isbister is part of the bigger problem. Isbister told me he was ready for high school training. Some school graduates will eventually make big money, he said. The problem, he found, is that there are too few high school graduates with the basic math and science skills that companies need to compete. As he spoke, I realized that this was not a narrow problem facing manufacturing. The so- The so-called skill gap is indeed an educational gap that affects all of us. Adam Davidson is a colleague. The founder of NPR\'s podcast and blog Planet Money. A version of the article was printed on page MM16 of Sunday magazine on November 25, 2012 with the title: skills do not pay bills. Today\'s newspaper | subscribe we are interested in your feedback on this page. Tell us what you think.