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learn cnc the art way

by:QY Precision      2019-11-20
As designers, artists, engineers, and even amateurs, CNC machines can inspire your creativity very strongly.
It takes a lot of effort to learn how to operate a CNC machine, and no instructions can exceed our excellent DanVida\'s guidance on CNC.
Although the \"know\" aspect of CNC machining is very important, it is equally important to recognize CNC as a \"manufacturing mode\", a tool that we can use or abuse in various ways, A tool that authorizes rather than dictate what we do.
This description
Learn CNC in an artistic way
Different perspectives close to CNC are introduced.
The purpose is to uncover the mystery of CNC and explore its meaning (
Not what it is)
In the production process, through the practice of designers, artists, architects, including many artists living in Pier9 Autodesk, new ideas are inspired with a wide range of examples.
CNC represents computer numerical control.
CNC machining is a process used in manufacturing, involving the use of computer-controlled machine tools.
CNC machining is a method of subtraction manufacturing, starting with the solid blocks of the material, using the tool to remove the excess parts.
It can be seen as the reverse side of 3d printing, which is an additional manufacturing method.
Basically, computer data is translated by CNC machines (
Graphic drawings or 3d models)
Sequence of position information of machine cutting head in 2d (
In the case of laser or water jet cutting machine)or 3d(
In the case of CNC milling machine)space.
If we don\'t put any material there, you basically just observe the machine \"dancing\" in space based on the path defined in your digital file \".
In other words, the movement of the head of the machine is \"arranged \".
If we understand CNC on this fundamental level, we begin to see the similarity between additives (ex. 3d printing)
And subtraction (ex. CNC machining)
Manufacturing Technology.
Both control the movement of the building Head in space, but one removes the material and the other adds the material.
If we can move the machine head in 2d space, when it subtracts the material, it can cut or carve like a laser cutter;
It can be a drawing device or an embroidery machine when it adds material.
If we can move a Machine Head in 3d space, it can be a factory when it subtracts material;
It can be a 3d printer when it adds material;
It\'s not hard to imagine the possibility of additive/subtraction hybridization, like this one here.
Take our DMS machine as an example.
If we only define it as: 5-axis machines that can cut 3D shapes in wood, plastic, etc, then, we have started to think about what we do with wood, can be cut on the machine.
But if we define it as: a machine that moves in 3d space, doing things I don\'t know, but creating forms, your scope of thinking suddenly expands.
For CNC learning, it is important to understand \"what it means\", not just \"what it is.
CNC milling can create 3d shapes, but 3d solids are not necessarily the focus of the final part.
3D features make the surface interesting by introducing textiles/textures into it.
Surfaces in space can be blocked (ex.
Building tiles), reflect (ex. mirror)
, Act as a blank canvas (ex.
Projection mapping)
Or just for your own artistic purpose (ex.
Murals).
The following example demonstrates the CNC work of creating interesting surface features. 1.
Craig dorety2\'s Reza AliLunar Surface is based on 2d/3d sculptures from the brain of the flat data center.
Diffuse reflection of Anish Kapoor\'s Aaron porterfield face mirror on a face-to-face CNC cut Photo (see photo)3.
The projection mapping of Gabriel dunne4 on the cnsed surface.
Application of architecture (see photos)
We can control the positive shape or the negative shape.
In other words, we can use the CNC machine directly to create the final result, or we can use it as a step in the larger process, using the cnsed form as the middle, or even the sacrifice stage, followed by the others (traditional)processes. 1.
Facade: Matt Huchinson\'s broken Crater table
Organic shape cabinet rocker for Xander Bremer-
Rational S2.
Mold for forming sheet: If you have two
The part mold is perfect for you to form a sheet (
Paper, cardboard, leather, fiberglass, etc. )in between.
However, you can also form the plate by combining it with vacuum forming, using only male plugs.
The special effects makeup industry usually uses vacuum forming and thermoforming plastic sheets to make armor in clay form.
You can also make paper paste based on the form of machining.
Benjamin Ricks body paper
Wei Lisan leather suitcase.
Casting/injection mold: construction vision of Joshua Stein: CNC machining gypsum mold for ceramic sliding casting geometric black vase by Andy Blaman: CNC machining gypsum mold for ceramic sliding casting (see photo)
Injection mold (see photo)
The machine creates a cavity in the foam and is then used for plaster casting. Since there are so many changes in the casting itself, the possibility of this direction is really endless (
Die casting, sand casting, investment casting, etc. ). 4.
Sacrifice Part: mechanism wax for investment casting (see photo)
Foam for glass fiber basket (see photo)
When the material you choose is not suitable for 3d machining, or your project is too large to be processed directly, you can use 2d CNC technology (ex.
Water jet cutting machine)
Create profiles and stack them to create 3d forms.
The stacking/layering effect can also be integrated into the overall aesthetics.
Laser cut paper sculpture on Eric stanleystrata bench at Adrien SegalFog Bank: Rocker Martin and Kristina LarsenUrban adapter felt sculpture created by rock singers
The brainwave sofa launched by Lange Construction Company
The combination of 2d and 3d CNC machining if we consider \"ordinary\" materials that can be milled on CNC machines, we can infer that materials with similar features can also be processed. 1.
Metal we can process metal at Haas factory, but that doesn\'t mean where the metal comes from.
It can come from stock, or you can even cast it yourself if you have a chance to enter the foundry. 2.
WoodYou can always create graphic patterns with different species, use recycled wood and create a variety of crazy shapes that were once only possible in the hands of experienced sculptors/sculptors
If you don\'t mind sweating, you can even make your own cardboard with something like chips and sawdust.
Will Buchanana gave a few examples (see photos)3.
The plastic synthetic material has no shape, although you purchased it in the form of a block or sheet.
You can cast your own stock of plastic/resin and create various effects by coloring, layering, embedding other materials/objects, etc.
Some types of plastic can be re-
Melting and recycling, which can be used to produce a melting effect, may also add a layer of meaning to your work.
Recycled plastic table top to see what effect you can create with cast resin and see the works of wangmin Park, Peter Alexander and Helen pashiji. (see photos)4.
If we can process wax, then we can process all kinds of wax. ish materials (
Soap, candles, chocolate, graphite, crayons, etc. ). 5.
Otherwise it is not possible to list all the possibilities here.
But I bet you can carve Halloween pumpkins on a CNC machine.
Do you remember when we said that machine movement was \"choreographed?
If we don\'t care what the machine head does, but focus on its movement, the machine becomes a \"dancer \".
Another aspect is the sound, either playing with its natural sound or using it to play a particular tone.
Artist Kyle Machulis has done some very interesting work on this.
Industrial ASMR: introduction and listening guide to Kyle machulli industrial ASMR: theme played by Kyle machulli Super Mario on laser cutting machine \"dancing\" machine \"dig Epilog ballet excavator gravity object styling-
The machine is not technically dancing, but its movement is very beautiful, because whether the machine is cut or not, can we replace the cutting head with something else, for example, a light source, so we can probably do light graffiti (see photo)with it. Human-
Machine Collaboration: Duets by Laura DevendorfA humans and robots become your own 3D printer, but not least: Machine pornography processed by Wei LiCNC is a high level
However, we do not always pursue precision and control in art production.
So how do we introduce opportunity and randomness in this controlled process?
\"Opportunity is an important creative strategy for many artists related to Surrealism.
It represents a way out of the constraints of the rational world, which is similar to their interest in dreams.
\"This is about re-
Create your workflow.
Four possibilities came to mind: 1.
Make a mess of the Machine/G-
Code, so its movement is random in a certain range. 2.
Mess up the digital model, for example, by changing the data to notify the model. 3.
Manufacturing custom materials that introduce predictability into the processing process. 4.
Designed as a repetitive, machined part or mold for attenuation.
No matter how complex the CNC machine looks, it\'s important to remember that it\'s just a tool.
As artists, we have creative control over the tools we have, rather than letting the tools decide what we do.
Just because we can do something doesn\'t mean we should.
Further inspiration: look at Ron Arad, Barry X power, Zaha Hadid, Stephen Jones, Anish Kapoor, Alan McCollin,
I hope you will feel inspired and happy from this guide!
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