A horizontal lathe, simply defined, is a cnc machine tool to help cut different profiles in revolving steel or wood work pieces. A standard lathe machine consists of a precision machined bed or base by using a drive mechanism along with a headstock at one end and a supporting tail at the spine. The work piece is held within a vice-like grip ultimately headstock and rotated rapidly around its own axis. An appropriate machine tool will likely be brought into play against the work piece which cuts the required collection.
There are sorts of lathes - the horizontal lathe and the vertical lathe. The nomenclature is meant to differentiate between lathes with horizontal or vertical work piece location. The horizontal lathe is rampantly used in high precision machining operations.
The horizontal lathe is available within a sizes, designs, power ratings, and levels of automation. These range from miniature, bench-top watchmakers lathes to huge, fully automated Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) lathes. The horizontal lathe is predominantly used in cutting heavy plate or ring-like machine parts with large diameter and the lathe is widely utilized for the processing work of many industries including rubber, mining, railway equipment manufacturing, and automobile production - amongst other buyers.
There are two main types of horizontal lathes - wood working lathes and steel working lathes. Wood work lathes are understandably the simpler of your two - though the working principle of both machines will be the same.
The CNC horizontal lathe series is developed in conformity with domestic and international standards. Around the globe generally of a smaller structure capable of abundant functionalities, high speed, precision a lot of others. It may be declared that most CNC Lathes are old manual lathes that have gone through a conversion to CNC.
The characteristics on a CNC horizontal lathe are a 45 degree slant bed and total guard cover and oil and water leakage stoppage. The lubricating oil and cooling liquid are isolated from one another with separate oil water grooves. The CNC horizontal lathe series uniformly uses high rigidity spindle structure. Most parts coming off a CNC Lathe possibly be cylindrical and symmetrical. The horizontal lathe is versatile and could be used to cut cylindrical shapes from square stock or cut ornamental profiles like fancy table legs, lamp stands, pens, and chess pieces. Precision engineering parts like engine components, spherical joints, medical equipment, and aircraft parts furthermore be turned on horizontal lathes. In fact, almost all steel and wood products which feature shoulders, tapers, grooves, or other intricate profiles can sometimes done on these lathes.
Strangely, a regarding engineering workshops don't have an CNC machining and are hesitant to adopt new technologies. Although benefits of CNC turning for quality and precision seem to be understood and widely accepted, the decision to move over to CNC turning is being resisted by engineering work shop raisers.
This is principally due to some widely prevalent misconception that CNC technology is complicated and will require highly trained computer programmers in order to develop turning programs. Despite all theses resistance, the change will finally come. A shop cannot stay and survive in business today unless owners give up their apprehensions and move to CNC.